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The Medical Device "Plug-and-Play" (MD PnP) Interoperability Program is promoting innovation in patient safety and clinical care by leading the adoption of secure patient-centric integration of medical devices and IT systems in clinical environments.




> MD PnP White Paper
> ICE Standard (ASTM F2761)



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MD PnP Program
65 Landsdowne St., Suite 200
Cambridge, MA  02139

Julian M. Goldman, MD
Program Director

Drayton Freeman
Program Assistant

Julian M. Goldman, MD
Director and Founder, MD PnP Program

Julian M. Goldman, MD is Medical Director of Biomedical Engineering for Partners HealthCare System, an anesthesiologist at the Massachusetts General Hospital, and Director of the Program on Medical Device Interoperability based at the Massachusetts General Hospital Dept. of Anesthesia Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Partners HealthCare System, and CIMIT.

Dr. Goldman founded the Medical Device "Plug-and-Play" (MD PnP) Interoperability research program in 2004 to promote innovation in patient safety and clinical care by leading the adoption of patient-centric integrated clinical environments.

Dr. Goldman completed anesthesiology residency and fellowship training at the University of Colorado. His research fellowship was in biomedical informatics, focusing on simulation and applications for monitoring and real-time decision support. He departed Colorado in 1998 as a tenured associate professor to work as an executive of a medical device company. Dr. Goldman joined Harvard Medical School and the Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital in 2002, where he served as a principle anesthesiologist in the MGH "Operating Room of the Future." He is board-certified in anesthesiology and clinical informatics.

Dr. Goldman co-chaired the FCC mHealth Task Force, the HIT Policy Committee FDASIA Workgroup regulatory subgroup, and the FCC Consumer Advisory Committee work group on healthcare. He served on the NSF CISE Advisory Committee, as a Visiting Scholar in the FDA Medical Device Fellowship Program, and as a member of the CDC BSC for the NCPHI. He currently serves in leadership positions in several medical device standardization organizations including Chair of ISO Technical Committee 121, Chair of the Use Case Working Group of the Continua Health Alliance, and Co-Chair of the AAMI Interoperability Working Group. Dr. Goldman is the recipient of the International Council on Systems Engineering 2010 Pioneer Award,  American College of Clinical Engineering (ACCE) 2009 award for Professional Achievement in Technology, the 2009 AAMI Foundation/Institute for Technology in Health Care Clinical Application Award, and the University of Colorado Chancellor's "Bridge to the Future" award.

Dr. Julian Goldman's contact details are located at

David Arney
Lead Engineer, MD PnP Program

David Arney is the Lead Engineer for the Medical Device Plug and Play Program. He has been working on applying formal methods to medical device software since 2001 and was a scholar in residence at the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health in the Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories. He was involved in writing the ASTM 2761-09 ICE standard for interoperable medical devices. He started at the MD PnP program in September of 2010, and is currently writing his dissertation for a PhD in computer science under Professor Insup Lee at the University of Pennsylvania.

Sandy Weininger, PhD
Senior Biomedical Engineer, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Adminstration
MD PnP Safety Engineering Program Advisor
Dr. Sandy Weininger is currently a senior engineer at the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH). He is keenly interested in the performance of sensors and actuators in assuring the safety of interoperable systems and electrical safety.
Dr. Weininger studied electrode-tissue interface properties to receive his BSEE and MS/BME degrees from Drexel University. A PhD in Bioengineering was awarded from the University of Pennsylvania for work in signal processing and control systems.
He is a member of the AAMI Interoperability Working Group, AAMI-UL 2800 committee,  chair of the ISO-IEC Pulse Oximeter Committee, and FDA’s liaison to IEC TC 62 and SC 62A, committees responsible for safety of electromedical equipment. He has been an advisor to the MD PnP Program since its inception in 2004.

Shoumen Palit Austin Datta, PhD
Senior Scientist, MD PnP Program
Dr. Datta is interested in the medical internet of things (medical IoT). Convergence of data from medical devices and other sources may improve analytics and support point of care solutions. Prediction and prevention at home and the hospital are elements of his interest in medical IoT. He was
a Fellow in Medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and is a Senior Member of the MIT Auto ID Labs and Research Affiliate, Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is the former Senior Vice President of the Industrial Internet Consortium (2013-2016) and Co-Founder and Executive/Research Director of the MIT Forum for Supply Chain Innovation (2001-2009) at the MIT School of Engineering. Complete bio here.

Mike Robkin, MD FIRE Project ManagerMike Robkin
President, Anakena Solutions, Inc.
MD FIRE Project Leader, MD PnP Program
Former Board Member, Continua Health Alliance
Former Principal Enterprise Architect, Kaiser Permanente

Mike Robkin is the MD FIRE project manager for the MD PnP Program. He internationalized the procurement contract language for hospitals and providers to purchase interoperable medical devices and systems that are necessary for safe and effective patient care.

Mr. Robkin has been developing mission-critical computer applications for more than 20 years as a programmer, systems architect, and executive. At Hughes, GM-Europe and Kaiser Permanente, he programmed one of the first photo-realistic real-time computer generated imagery systems, defined protocol standards for the first massively multi-participant real-time simulation, and developed the world's largest medical imaging enterprise architecture. Mr. Robkin was a founding member of the Board of Directors and Treasurer of the Continua Health Alliance.